Ladybugs

Nota:

  • Salah satu jenis beetle.
  • Ada lebih kurang 5000 jenis ladybugs dalam dunia!
  • Yang biasa jumpa merah dan hitam.
  • Makan serangga lain, kebanyakannya aphids dan disukai oleh petani dan gardeners.
  • Aphids suka makan tanaman, jadi ladybugs membantu petani dan gardeners menjaga tanaman mereka.
  • Sebab badan berwarna-warni dan terang adalah untuk beritahu haiwan lain yang mereka ni tak sedap jadi haiwan lain seperti burung dan katak tak makan mereka.

Kitar Hayat Ladybird:

Ladybugs bertelur dan melalui proses metamorphosis. Bila menetas, dipanggil larvae. Larvae ini membesar dengan cepat dan bersalin kulit beberapa kali. Bila cukup besar, mereka menekapkan ekor mereka ke daun, dan membentuk pupa. Dalam seminggu dua, pupa bertukar menjadi ladybug dewasa. Lihat sayap ladybug dewasa ini. Apa yang kita boleh lihat? Simetri. Apa itu simetri?

ldebug-650.png

  • Ladybugs hidup dalam pelbagai habitat.
  • Boleh dijumpai di grasslands, hutan dan bandar.
  • Aktif.
  • Bila sejuk, mereka akan mencari tempat panas dan hibernasi seperti bawah kayu, batu atau dalam rumah. Bila berhibernasi, mereka berkumpul dan boleh mencecah ribuan dalam koloninya.
  • Rasa macamana kalau jumpa ladybugs banyak-banyak?

Printables:

Life Cycle Nomenclature Cards at The Helpful Garden
Number Matching Game at The Helpful Garden

Video:

Belalang / Locust

Nota:

  • Ada lebih 17,000 jenis belalang di dunia!
  • Kaki belakang berurat dan digunakan untuk melompat.
  • Ada dua kumpulan: Long-horned & short horned, ditentukan oleh panjang antenna.
  • Ada lima mata. 2 mata besar ada di sisi kepala. 2 lagi pada hujung antenna and yang akhir ada di antara antena.
  • Betina lebih besar. Ada hujung tajam di abdomen, membantu bertelur. Selepas bertelur, mereka hanya pergi meninggalkan, tak perlu jaga. Melalui proses metamorphosis.
  • Makan pelbagai tumbuhan dan ada yang makan rumput sahaja.
  • Pemangsa termasuklah, burung, cicak, labah-labah, dan rodents.
  • Ada sesetengah belalang keluarkan bunyi dengan rubbing their wings together.
  • Pernah dengar tak? Kalau pernah, tulah belalang jantan!

فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلطُّوفَانَ وَٱلْجَرَادَ وَٱلْقُمَّلَ وَٱلضَّفَادِعَ وَٱلدَّمَ ءَايَٰتٍ مُّفَصَّلَٰتٍ فَٱسْتَكْبَرُوا۟ وَكَانُوا۟ قَوْمًا مُّجْرِمِينَ

(Allah berfirman): Kami pun menghantarkan kepada mereka taufan, dan belalang, dan kutu, dan katak, dan darah, sebagai tanda-tanda dan bukti yang jelas nyata, maka mereka juga tetap berlaku sombong takbur dan menjadi kaum yang menderhaka.

From National Geographic

A plague of locusts is a devastating natural disaster. These infestations have been feared and revered throughout history. Unfortunately, they still wreak havoc today.

Locusts are related to grasshoppers and the two insects look similar. However, locust behavior can be something else entirely. Locusts are sometimes solitary insects with lifestyles much like grasshoppers. But locusts have another behavioral phase called the gregarious phase. When environmental conditions produce many green plants and promote breeding, locusts can congregate into thick, mobile, ravenous swarms.

Locust swarms devastate crops and cause major agricultural damage and attendant human misery—famine and starvation. They occur in many parts of the world, but today locusts are most destructive in sustenance farming regions of Africa.

The desert locust is notorious. Found in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, they inhabit some 60 countries and can cover one-fifth of Earth’s land surface. Desert locust plagues may threaten the economic livelihood of one-tenth of the world’s humans.

A desert locust swarm can be 460 square miles (1,200 square kilometers) in size and pack between 40 and 80 million locusts into less than half a square mile (one square kilometer).

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day, so a swarm of such size would eat 423 million pounds (192 million kilograms) of plants every day.

Like the individual animals within them, locust swarms are typically in motion and can cover vast distances. In 1954, a swarm flew from northwest Africa to Great Britain. In 1988, another made the lengthy trek from West Africa to the Caribbean.

 

Bacaan sendiri:
Like Locusts
Locusts moving in swarms

Insects Resources

Paper Insect Collection Tutorial (to frame and display)  at the Paper Mama.
Montessori Inspired Insects Activity at PinayHomeschooler
Insect Unit with Free Printables at Every Star is Different
Insect Posts at Gift of Curiosity
Collections of Insects at Homeschoolgiveaways
Coloring Bugs at A Little Pinch of Perfect
Bugs at Trillium Montessori
Bugs at Playdough to Plato
Bugs at 123 Homeschool for Me
Insect Theme Lesson Plans 
Bugs Theme at Prekinders
Bugs at 123child
Insects at Pre-K Pages
Insects at First School
Montessori Inspired Insect Unit at Living Montessori Now
Montessori Inspired Insects Unitat Mumma Diaries
Insect Unit at Inspired Montessori
Insect Activities at Mama’s Happy Hive
Bugs and Insects posts at 1+1+1=1
Insects at Sugar, Spice & Glitter
Bugs Theme at Homeschool Den
Ladybug Fly Away Home at Nurturing Learning
Ants Activities for Preschoolers & Good Bug Bad Bug at Carrots are Orange
Taxonomy and Animal Kingdom Arthopods at Bloom Montessori